Proverbs: Definition, Types, Characteristics, and Examples

You must have heard the phrase “a peg is bigger than a pillar” right? This sentence is a proverb that we often hear in Indonesia, especially in Indonesian subjects. Let’s look at some examples and the intricacies of the word collection below.

According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary or KBBI, proverbs are a group of words or sentences that have a certain meaning that contains brief sentences, contains comparisons, advice and human behavior. This sentence is often inserted in conversation to advise, compare, or ridicule someone.

In Indonesia, there are many proverbs that you can hear and learn.
Check out some examples of proverbs and explanations of the word collection below/

Definition of Proverb

According to Wikipedia, proverbs are groups of words or sentences that have a certain meaning, or things that reveal to do actions or things about someone. This proverb includes several types of proverbs, namely expressions, proverbs, parables, parables/symbols, mottos, thimbles/pameos.
proverbs can be interpreted as expressions that are stated indirectly, but when conveying implicitly for something that can be understood by the reader or listener. According to the Linguistic Dictionary, a proverb is a sentence that already has a form, meaning, and function in a wider society.

Types of Proverbs

1. Proverb

A proverb is a type of proverb that contains advice from parents in the form of a sentence. Usually this proverb can be used to break the interlocutor during a debate or so on. An example of this proverb is little by little, over time it becomes a hill; let it be slow as long as it is safe; small pieces of cayenne pepper; like a betel split in two.

for example:

a. Like earth and sky,

b. Like a betel split in two,

c. Little by little, soon it will become a hill,

d. Even if it’s slow, it’s safe.

2. Parable

Meanwhile, a parable is a proverb that contains words that can be expressed in a situation or about a person’s behavior. The trick is to take a comparison from the natural surroundings and the sentence begins with the words like, bak, like and so on. For example: like a tiger hiding its claws.

For example:

a. like a betel split in two,

b. like a tiger hiding its hooves.

3. Like / Image

Like or imagery is a proverb in the form of a figurative sentence that often uses the word like. The purpose of this imagery is to compare a case or a thing.

4. Motto

A motto is a collection of words, sentences or phrases that are used as guidelines and principles. For example, diligent is clever, clean is healthy, thrifty is rich, and other proverbs:

a. Save rich base,

c. clean base, healthy and so on.

5. Thimble/Pameo

Bidal or can be called a proverb is a type of proverb in which it contains ridicule, innuendo, and also a warning. For example, life is reluctant to die, doesn’t want to, ashamed to ask astray on the road, like a trap on a rock, and many more.

Proverb Function

  • Proverbs are not just an interesting, dense, and meaningful arrangement of words.
  • Proverbs have several functions, especially functions in the social field.

Here are some functions of proverbs.

a. Is the identity of a group or individual
b. Make conversation and spoken language more beautiful.
c. Being a form of world conditions or also observations in an event.
d. Can be used as advice.

Characteristics of Proverbs

In the proverb there are characteristics that can be seen as explained below.

a. The structure of the arrangement is fixed which has the meaning of words which in proverbs are certain and cannot be changed.

b. Usually used to satirize or beautify language.

c. The words used regularly, pleasant to hear and have meaning.

d. Created or created based on a very careful view and comparison of nature and events that occur in society.

e. Proverbs are formed with dense and beautiful language bonds so that they will stick in society for generations.
Proverb Example

Here we include some examples of proverbs

There’s a shrimp behind a rock: There’s a hidden purpose
Where there is sugar there are ants: where there is fun there are many people
Like water on taro leaves: People who don’t have a stand, are always changing
Rippled water is not deep: People who talk a lot usually don’t know much
Like a chicken that has lost its mother: Dispersed because it has lost its focus
It’s like eating a simalakama fruit: A person who is faced with two choices that are very difficult to choose
Empty barrels make a loud noise: Fools usually talk a lot
Dogs bark, caravans go by: Despite many obstacles in our endeavors, we must not despair
Like a frog in a shell: One who doesn’t know much
Big stakes than poles: More expenses than income/income
It’s heavy to be carried, light is to carry it: Together in joy and sorrow, good and bad are shared
Playing in wet water, playing with scorched fire: Every business/job must have a risk/difficulty
Haven’t had a baby yet been rocked: Didn’t work yet but had fun first
Not yet on the spur to crow: Not knowledgeable/rich/powerful already boasting
Like a nut forgets its skin: People who don’t know themselves, forget where they came from
Like a thorn in the flesh: Always displeasing and disturbing the mind
There’s no ivory that doesn’t crack: there’s nothing that doesn’t have flaws
Like fire in the husk: unseen evil deeds
Little by little it becomes a hill: Little by little it will become a lot
Like betel nut halved: Someone who is twins/same nature and character
There is no root rattan too: If there is no good, then the bad can also be used

Proverb Letter B

a. Like fire with smoke
(Close and inseparable friendship)
b. Like water on taro leaves
(People who don’t stand firm)
c. Like water and oil
(Two things that don’t mix)

Proverb Letter C

a. Quick feet light hands
(People who like to help in goodness)
b. Tick ​​two rushes
(One way, two jobs done)
c. Inclinations that will befall
(Deeds that will bring harm)

Proverb Letter D

a. The world is not as wide as Moringa leaves
(The world is wide and not narrow)
b. Kitchen does not smoke
(very poor)
c. Given a heart asking for a heart
(The ungrateful person)

Proverb Letter E

a. Cracked chips, rainy day
(very unlucky)
b. Enau with two sigainya
(a woman who doubles her husband)
d. Enau looking for (climbing) sigai
(Women looking for men)

Proverb Letter F

a. The dawn is breaking, the eagle is welcoming
(Welcome the day with a persistent/strong spirit of trying/working)

Proverb Letter G

a. Elephants in the eyelids are not visible, germs across the ocean are visible
(unseen own faults, obvious faults of others)
b. Dig a hole to cover the hole
(Debt to pay other debts)
Elephant swallowed by a snake

Proverb Letter H

a. After sweet, sepah is thrown away
(Thrown away after not being used anymore)
b. Fragrant like an angel then
(Very fragrant, very much perfumed)
c. Save the base of the rich
(Those who are frugal will become rich)

Proverb Letter I

a. Follow your heart to death, join the feeling of perishing
(People who only follow their heart without using their minds will fail in their lives)
b. Beautiful news than appearance
(Circumstances that are different from what is imagined)
c. Fish tied with nets arrived
(Quick response)

Proverb Letter J

a. So charcoal ash
(Already obsolete or stale)
b. Far in the eyes, close to the heart
(Even though they are far apart, they are still remembered in the heart)
c. Fall on the mat
(Get big profits)

Proverb Letter K

a. Peanuts forget the skin
(someone who forgot the aka nasal origin)
b. Small pieces of cayenne pepper
(Looks small but brave, credible or dangerous)
c. Because the value of a drop of broken milk before
(Because a small mistake makes everything wrong)

Proverb Letter M

a. Eat hot porridge.
(Too hasty to end up losing and disappointed)
b. Eat upas with poison.
(Proverbs that describe condolences)
c. Cheaper, more negotiable
(Never be grateful for a gift, in fact always feel less and want more)

Proverb Letter N

a. Even the head of the village is filled with water.
(People who are already rich will also get richer)
b. The rice is not cold, the plate is not cracked.
(Both parties don’t want to)
c. Nibung Bangsai bet young.
(Parents who behave like young children)

Proverb Letter O

a. Medicine is far away, disease is almost.
(a woman who bears longing because she is far from her husband)
b. Shaking like a drifting cup.
(way waddling like bragging)
c. The horned person.
(a person who is famous because he is a bad person)
d. The waves are heard, but the sand is not visible.
(a person’s name is already known, but the results of his work have not been seen)

Proverb Letter P

a. Good at oily water.
(creative people who can take advantage of useless items)
b. Broken sticks, beaming.
(keep trying even though it has been hit by thousands of failures)
c. Rhino deaf.
(pretends not to be interested, but really wants to)

Proverb Letter R

a. Low mountains, high hopes.
(high expectations)
b. Tiger look, mouse heart.
(looks fierce and brave, but is actually a coward)
c. Crack no, stick seine.
(the relationship between the two people who are neither familiar nor hostile)

Proverb Letter S

a. Join after the evening.
(all business will be covered with profit)
b. Wrong step, back down.
(if you already know the shortcomings and mistakes, you should immediately make self-improvement)
c. While pushing, glas ago.
(protect yourself from harm, but keep in mind the advantages)

Proverb Letter T

a. Know in the wind ups and downs.
(good at seeing the situation, so immediately know what is going on)
b. Nobody in the water.
(girl who is not a virgin)
c. Fear the point, then spill.
(fear of losing a little, eventually losing a lot)

Proverb Letter U
a. Fingertip tongue joint.
b. Not a snake, not even a fish.
(people who do not have an opinion)
c. Luckily there is, luck is not.

Proverb Letter W

a. Even though it’s small, it’s not visible when it’s big.
(people who only see the shortcomings of others, but do not see their own shortcomings)
b. Time is money.
(anyone who wastes time, means he has wasted money)

Proverb Letter Y

a. The poked can’t, the stickler stays on top.
(already not getting profit, the capital from the business is also lost / exhausted)
b. What is seen in appearance, what is eaten by taste.
(if it has good intentions, it should be conveyed in a good way too. Because if it is wrong in the way of delivery, then what is meant will be misunderstood)
c. Those who sow the wind will reap the storm.
(Whoever does, then must be brave to accept the consequences)

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